CALIFORNIA WELFARE AND INSTITUTIONS CODE SECTION 14107 MEDICAID (MEDI-CAL) FRAUD

California Welfare and Institutions Code Section 14107

14107.  (a) Any person, including any applicant or provider as
defined in Section 14043.1, or billing agent, as defined in Section
14040.1, who engages in any of the activities identified in
subdivision (b) is punishable by imprisonment as set forth in
subdivisions (c) , (d), and (e), by a fine not exceeding three times
the amount of the fraud or improper reimbursement or value of the
scheme or artifice, or by both this fine and imprisonment.
(b) The following activities are subject to subdivision (a):
(1) A person, with intent to defraud, presents for allowance or
payment any false or fraudulent claim for furnishing services or
merchandise under this chapter or Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 14200).
(2) A person knowingly submits false information for the purpose
of obtaining greater compensation than that to which he or she is
legally entitled for furnishing services or merchandise under this
chapter or Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 14200).
(3) A person knowingly submits false information for the purpose
of obtaining authorization for furnishing services or merchandise
under this chapter or Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 14200).
(4) A person knowingly and willfully executes, or attempts to
execute, a scheme or artifice to do either of the following:
(A) Defraud the Medi-Cal program or any other health care program administered by the department or its agents or contractors.
(B) Obtain, by means of false or fraudulent pretenses,
representations, or promises, any of the money or property owned by, or under the custody or control of, the Medi-Cal program or any other health care program administered by the department or its agents or contractors, in connection with the delivery of or payment for health care benefits, services, goods, supplies, or merchandise.
(c) A violation of subdivision (a) is punishable by imprisonment
in a county jail, or in the state prison for two, three, or five
years.
(d) If the execution of a scheme or artifice to defraud as defined
in paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) is committed under circumstances
likely to cause or that do cause two or more persons great bodily
injury, as defined in Section 12022.7 of the Penal Code, or serious
bodily injury, as defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (f) of
Section 243 of the Penal Code, a term of four years, in addition and
consecutive to the term of imprisonment imposed in subdivision (c),
shall be imposed for each person who suffers great bodily injury or
serious bodily injury.   The additional terms provided in this subdivision shall not be imposed unless the facts showing the circumstances that were likely to cause or that did cause great bodily injury or serious bodily injury to two or more persons are charged in the accusatory pleading and admitted or found to be true by the trier of fact.
(e) If the execution of a scheme or artifice to defraud, as
defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) results in a death which
constitutes a second degree murder, as defined in Section 189 of the
Penal Code, the offense shall be punishable, upon conviction,
pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 190 of the Penal Code.
(f) Any person, including an applicant or provider as defined in
Section 14043.1, or billing agent, as defined in Section 14040.1, who
has engaged in any of the activities subject to fine or imprisonment
under this section, shall be subject to the asset forfeiture
provisions for criminal profiteering.
(g) Pursuant to Section 923 of the Penal Code, the Attorney
General may convene a grand jury to investigate and indict for any of
the activities subject to fine, imprisonment, or asset forfeiture
under this section.
(h) The enforcement remedies provided under this section are not
exclusive and shall not preclude the use of any other criminal or
civil remedy. However, an act or omission punishable in different
ways by this section and other provisions of law shall not be
punished under more than one provision, but the penalty to be imposed shall be determined as set forth in Section 654 of the Penal Code.